Before you can use your new SSD, you have to initialize and partition it. Follow the below process, unless you are performing a clean installation of your operating system, or cloning to your SSD, both of which normally do this for you.
1. Attach the SSD as a secondary drive, you can connect the SSD via SATA to USB cable or other external connection method, or install the SSD internally into your system.
2. In Windows 7 and earlier, open ‘Disk Management’ by right clicking on ‘Computer’ and selecting ‘Manage’, then ‘Disk Management’. In Windows 8 and later, move the mouse to the lower left corner of your desktop and right-click on the Start Icon, then select Disk Management.
3. When Disk Management opens, a pop-up should appear and prompt you to initialize the SSD.
4. Select MBR (Master Boot Record) and click OK.
5. Right click in the area that says Unallocated and select New Simple Volume.
6. The New Simple Volume Wizard will open, click Next.
7. Leave the Specify Volume Size as the maximum (default value) and click Next.
8. Select a Drive Letter and click Next.
9. In the Format Partition screen, decide on a Volume label (the name you want to give the drive) and click Next.
The drive is now formatted and ready for use.
Note: if you simply need to format/reformat a drive, only steps 5-9 below will be needed, assuming your SSD has previously been initialized.